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dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, Deirdre
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-09T14:14:32Z
dc.date.available2017-08-09T14:14:32Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2144/23352
dc.description.abstractListeners identify talkers more accurately when they are familiar with both the sounds and words of the language being spoken. It is unknown whether lexical information alone can facilitate talker identification in the absence of familiar phonology. To dissociate the roles of familiar words and phonology, we developed English-Mandarin “hybrid” sentences, spoken in Mandarin, which can be convincingly coerced to sound like English when presented with corresponding subtitles (e.g., “wei4 gou3 chi1 kao3 li2 zhi1” becomes “we go to college”). Across two experiments, listeners learned to identify talkers in three conditions: listeners' native language (English), an unfamiliar, foreign language (Mandarin), and a foreign language paired with subtitles that primed native language lexical access (subtitled Mandarin). In Experiment 1 listeners underwent a single session of talker identity training; in Experiment 2 listeners completed three days of training. Talkers in a foreign language were identified no better when native language lexical representations were primed (subtitled Mandarin) than from foreign-language speech alone, regardless of whether they had received one or three days of talker identity training. These results suggest that the facilitatory effect of lexical access on talker identification depends on the availability of familiar phonological forms.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectSpeech therapyen_US
dc.subjectLanguageen_US
dc.subjectPhonologyen_US
dc.subjectPrimingen_US
dc.subjectSpeech perceptionen_US
dc.subjectTalker identificationen_US
dc.subjectVoice recognitionen_US
dc.titleTalker identification is not improved by lexical access in the absence of familiar phonologyen_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.date.updated2017-06-06T22:28:24Z
etd.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
etd.degree.levelmastersen_US
etd.degree.disciplineSargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciencesen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US


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