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Browsing MED: Anatomy and Neurobiology Papers by Title

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Browsing MED: Anatomy and Neurobiology Papers by Title

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  • Blum, Kenneth; Chen, Amanda Lih Chuan; Chen, Thomas JH; Braverman, Eric R; Reinking, Jeffrey; Blum, Seth H; Cassel, Kimberly; Downs, Bernard W; Waite, Roger L; Williams, Lonna; Prihoda, Thomas J; Kerner, Mallory M; Palomo, Tomas; Comings, David E; Tung, Howard; Rhoades, Patrick; Oscar-Berman, Marlene (BioMed Central, 2008-11-12)
    BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS. Based on neurochemical and genetic evidence, we suggest that both prevention and treatment of multiple addictions, such as dependence to alcohol, nicotine and glucose, should involve a biphasic ...
  • Millien, Guetchyn; Spira, Avrum; Hinds, Anne; Wang, Junling; Williams, Mary C; Ramirez, Maria I (BioMed Central, 2006-7-25)
    BACKGROUND. Development of lung alveolar sacs of normal structure and size at late gestation is necessary for the gas exchange process that sustains respiration at birth. Mice lacking the lung differentiation gene T1α ...
  • Soscia, Stephanie J.; Kirby, James E.; Washicosky, Kevin J.; Tucker, Stephanie M.; Ingelsson, Martin; Hyman, Bradley; Burton, Mark A.; Goldstein, Lee E.; Duong, Scott; Tanzi, Rudolph E.; Moir, Robert D. (Public Library of Science, 2010-3-3)
    BACKGROUND. The amyloid β-protein (Aβ) is believed to be the key mediator of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Aβ is most often characterized as an incidental catabolic byproduct that lacks a normal physiological role. ...
  • Blum, Kenneth; Chen, Amanda Lih-Chuan; Braverman, Eric R; Comings, David E; Chen, Thomas JH; Arcuri, Vanessa; Blum, Seth H; Downs, Bernard W; Waite, Roger L; Notaro, Alison; Lubar, Joel; Williams, Lonna; Prihoda, Thomas J; Palomo, Tomas; Oscar-Berman, Marlene (Dove Medical Press, 2008)
    Molecular genetic studies have identified several genes that may mediate susceptibility to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A consensus of the literature suggests that when there is a dysfunction in the ...
  • Desikan, Rahul S.; Cabral, Howard J.; Hess, Christopher P.; Dillon, William P.; Glastonbury, Christine M.; Weiner, Michael W.; Schmansky, Nicholas J.; Greve, Douglas N.; Salat, David H.; Buckner, Randy L.; Fischl, Bruce (Oxford University Press, 2009-5-21)
    Mild cognitive impairment can represent a transitional state between normal ageing and Alzheimer's disease. Non-invasive diagnostic methods are needed to identify mild cognitive impairment individuals for early therapeutic ...
  • Shang, Eva H.; Zhdanova, Irina V. (Public Library of Science, 2007-7-11)
    BACKGROUND. Prenatal exposure to cocaine can be deleterious to embryonic brain development, but the results in humans remain controversial, the mechanisms involved are not well understood and effective therapies are yet ...
  • Yu, Lili; Tucci, Valter; Kishi, Shuji; Zhdanova, Irina V. (Public Library of Science, 2006-12-20)
    BACKGROUND. Age-related impairments in cognitive functions represent a growing clinical and social issue. Genetic and behavioral characterization of animal models can provide critical information on the intrinsic and ...
  • Allen, Laura B.; White, Kamila S.; Barlow, David H.; Shear, M. Katherine; Gorman, Jack M.; Woods, Scott W. (Springer US, 2009-7-24)
    Research evaluating the relationship of comorbidity to treatment outcome for panic disorder has produced mixed results. The current study examined the relationship of comorbid depression and anxiety to treatment outcome ...
  • Erb, M. Kelley; Chen, Debbie K.; Sassaroli, Angelo; Fantini, Sergio; Bergethon, Peter R. (Optical Society of America, 2010-9-16)
    Previously we have reported a near-infrared optical response in the region occupied by a peripheral nerve that is distal to the site of electrical stimulation of that peripheral nerve. This "intermediate" signal is vascular ...
  • Petrides, Michael; Pandya, Deepak N. (Public Library of Science, 2009-8-11)
    An unprecedented detailed analysis of ventrolateral frontal cortical circuitry in Broca's area of the non-human primate brain clarifies the functional pathways permitting interaction between posterior cortical areas and ...
  • Peters, Alan (Frontiers Research FoundationFrontiers Research Foundation, 2009-07-06)
    The effects of aging on myelinated nerve fibers of the central nervous system are complex. Many myelinated nerve fibers in white matter degenerate and are lost, leading to some disconnections between various parts of the ...
  • Kim, Noel N; Stankovic, Miljan; Armagan, Abdullah; Cushman, Tulay T; Goldstein, Irwin; Traish, Abdulmaged M (BioMed Central, 2006-9-13)
    BACKGROUND. Tamoxifen, a selective estrogen receptor modulator with both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity, is widely used as adjuvant therapy in breast cancer patients. Treatment with tamoxifen is associated with ...
  • Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Valmas, Mary M; Sawyer, Kayle S; Kirkley, Shalene M; Gansler, David A; Merritt, Diane; Couture, Ashley (Dove Medical Press, 2009-06-10)
    Alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) often are comorbid conditions. Alcoholics, as well as nonalcoholic individuals with ASPD, exhibit behaviors associated with prefrontal brain dysfunction such as increased ...
  • Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Bowirrat, Abdalla (Dove Medical Press, 2005)
    Alcoholism is a complex, multifactorial disorder involving problematic ethanol ingestion; it results from the interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Personality, likewise, is formed from a combination of ...
  • Bowirrat, Abdalla; Cui, Jing; Waraska, Kristin; Friedland, Robert P; Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Farrer, Lindsay A; Korczyn, Amos; Baldwin, Clinton T (Dove Medical Press, 2005)
    The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), a protease involved in blood pressure regulation, has been implicated as an important candidate gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated whether the ACE gene ...
  • Ress, David; Thompson, Jeffrey K.; Rokers, Bas; Khan, Reswanul K.; Huk, Alexander C. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2009-06-29)
    Popular hemodynamic brain imaging methods, such as blood oxygen-level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD fMRI), would benefit from a detailed understanding of the mechanisms by which oxygen is delivered ...
  • Bowirrat, Abdalla; Reider-Groswasser, Irith I; Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Aizenstein, Orna; Levy, Gad; Korczyn, Amos D (Dove Medical Press, 2005)
    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are reported from 15 individuals in an Arab–Israeli community who were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The quantitative parameters that were used for MRI analyses included ...
  • Zikopoulos, Basilis; Barbas, Helen (Public Library of Science, 2007-9-5)
    Pathways linking the thalamus and cortex mediate our daily shifts from states of attention to quiet rest, or sleep, yet little is known about their architecture in high-order neural systems associated with cognition, emotion ...
  • Laramie, Jason M; Wilk, Jemma B; Williamson, Sally L; Nagle, Michael W; Latourelle, Jeanne C; Tobin, Jennifer E; Province, Michael A; Borecki, Ingrid B; Myers, Richard H (BioMed Central, 2008-5-22)
    BACKGROUND: The chromosome 7q32 region is linked to metabolic syndrome and obesity related traits in the Family Heart Study. As part of a fine mapping study of the region, we evaluated the relationship of polymorphisms to ...
  • Thakkar, Katharine N.; Polli, Frida E.; Joseph, Robert M.; Tuch, David S.; Hadjikhani, Nouchine; Barton, Jason J.S.; Manoach, Dara S. (Oxford University Press, 2008-6-11)
    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by inflexible and repetitive behaviour. Response monitoring involves evaluating the consequences of behaviour and making adjustments to optimize outcomes. Deficiencies in ...

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