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Browsing Clinical Science by Title

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Browsing Clinical Science by Title

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  • Hayashi, Daichi; Roemer, Frank W; Dhina, Zineb; Kwoh, C Kent; Hannon, Michael J; Moore, Carolyn; Guermazi, Ali (BioMed Central, 2010-9-15)
    INTRODUCTION. The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of cystic lesions and cyst-like bursitides in subjects with frequent knee pain and to assess their relation to radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) ...
  • Busse, Jason W; Kaur, Jagdeep; Mollon, Brent; Bhandari, Mohit; Tornetta, Paul; Schünemann, Holger J; Guyatt, Gordon H (BMJ Publishing Group Ltd., 2009-2-27)
    Objective To determine the efficacy of low intensity pulsed ultrasonography for healing of fractures. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Data sources Electronic literature search without language ...
  • Park, Sung Kyun; Schwartz, Joel; Weisskopf, Marc; Sparrow, David; Vokonas, Pantel S.; Wright, Robert O.; Coull, Brent; Nie, Huiling; Hu, Howard (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2006-11)
    BACKGROUND. Altered heart rate variability (HRV), a marker of poor cardiac autonomic function, has been associated with sudden cardiac death and heart failure. OBJECTIVE. We examined the association of low-level lead ...
  • Ren, Xinhua S; Herz, Lawrence; Qian, Shirley; Smith, Eric; Kazis, Lewis E (Dove Medical Press, 2009-10-12)
    The importance of medication adherence in sustaining control of schizophrenic symptoms has generated a great deal of interest in comparing levels of treatment adherence with different antipsychotic agents. However, the ...
  • Shaham, Oded; Wei, Ru; Wang, Thomas J; Ricciardi, Catherine; Lewis, Gregory D; Vasan, Ramachandran S; Carr, Steven A; Thadhani, Ravi; Gerszten, Robert E; Mootha, Vamsi K (Nature Publishing GroupMolecular Systems Biology, 2008-08-05)
    Glucose ingestion after an overnight fast triggers an insulin-dependent, homeostatic program that is altered in diabetes. The full spectrum of biochemical changes associated with this transition is currently unknown. We ...
  • Chiavolini, Damiana; Tripodi, Sergio; Parigi, Riccardo; Oggioni, Marco R; Blasi, Elisabetta; Cintorino, Marcella; Pozzi, Gianni; Ricci, Susanna (BioMed Central, 2004-9-22)
    BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis. Pneumococcal meningitis is associated with the highest mortality among bacterial meningitis and it may also lead to neurological sequelae ...
  • Liou, Louis S; Shi, Ting; Duan, Zhong-Hui; Sadhukhan, Provash; Der, Sandy D; Novick, Andrew A; Hissong, John; Skacel, Marek; Almasan, Alexandru; DiDonato, Joseph A (BioMed Central, 2004-6-22)
    BACKGROUND. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common cancer in adult kidney. The accuracy of current diagnosis and prognosis of the disease and the effectiveness of the treatment for the disease are limited by the ...
  • Kurth, Tobias; Kase, Carlos S; Schürks, Markus; Tzourio, Christophe; Buring, Julie E (BMJ Publishing Group Ltd., 2010-8-24)
    Objectives To examine the association between migraine and migraine aura status with risk of haemorrhagic stroke. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Women's Health Study, United States. Participants 27860 women aged ...
  • Cole, J Alexander; Rothman, Kenneth J; Cabral, Howard J; Zhang, Yuqing; Farraye, Francis A (BioMed Central, 2006-9-28)
    BACKGROUND. Case descriptions suggest IBS patients are more likely to have other disorders, including migraine, fibromyalgia, and depression. We sought to examine the prevalence of these conditions in cohorts of people ...
  • Repassy, D. L.; Frang, D.; Jako, G. J. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011-12-29)
    An alternative method to laparoscopic surgery has been developed for urological procedures. The surgery is minimal access because the length of the single skin incision ranges from 3–6 cm depending on the type of operation. ...
  • Molina, Anthony J.A.; Wikstrom, Jakob D.; Stiles, Linsey; Las, Guy; Mohamed, Hibo; Elorza, Alvaro; Walzer, Gil; Twig, Gilad; Katz, Steve; Corkey, Barbara E.; Shirihai, Orian S. (American Diabetes Association, 2009-7-6)
    OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that β-cell mitochondria exist as discrete organelles that exhibit heterogeneous bioenergetic capacity. To date, networking activity, and its role in mediating β-cell mitochondrial ...
  • Wang, Florence T.; Hu, Howard; Schwartz, Joel; Weuve, Jennifer; Spiro, Avron S.; Sparrow, David; Nie, Huiling; Silverman, Edwin K.; Weiss, Scott T.; Wright, Robert O. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2007-08)
    BACKGROUND. As iron and lead promote oxidative damage, and hemochromatosis (HFE) gene polymorphisms increase body iron burden, HFE variant alleles may modify the lead burden and cognitive decline relationship. OBJECTIVE. ...
  • Guo, Wen; Xie, Weisheng; Han, Jianrong (BioMed Central, 2006-7-27)
    BACKGROUND. Octanoate is a medium-chain fatty acid (MCFA) that is rich in milk and tropical dietary lipids. It also accounts for 70% of the fatty acids in commercial medium chain triglycerides (MCT). Use of MCT for weight ...
  • Kao, Patricia F.; Davis, David A.; Banigan, Meredith G.; Vanderburg, Charles R.; Seshadri, Sudha; Delalle, Ivana (Public Library of Science, 2010-10-13)
    During the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), hippocampal neurons undergo cytoskeletal reorganization, resulting in degenerative as well as regenerative changes. As neurofibrillary tangles form and dystrophic neurites ...
  • Devine, Sherral A; Kirkley, Shalene M; Palumbo, Carole L; White, Roberta F (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2002-10)
    A 45-year-old woman experienced long-term, chronic exposure to carbon monoxide in the restaurant kitchen where she was employed as a cook. After returning to the restaurant after 5 days off work, she noticed that her ...
  • Bowirrat, Abdalla; Reider-Groswasser, Irith I; Oscar-Berman, Marlene; Aizenstein, Orna; Levy, Gad; Korczyn, Amos D (Dove Medical Press, 2005)
    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are reported from 15 individuals in an Arab–Israeli community who were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The quantitative parameters that were used for MRI analyses included ...
  • Meng, Yan; Ma, Qianli; Yu, Yi; Farrell, John; Farrer, Lindsay A; Wilcox, Marsha A (BioMed Central, 2005-12-30)
    Complex diseases are generally thought to be under the influence of multiple, and possibly interacting, genes. Many association methods have been developed to identify susceptibility genes assuming a single-gene disease ...
  • Lasser, Karen E; Murillo, Jennifer; Medlin, Elizabeth; Lisboa, Sandra; Valley-Shah, Lisa; Fletcher, Robert H; Emmons, Karen M; Ayanian, John Z (BioMed Central, 2009-5-29)
    BACKGROUND. Colorectal cancer screening rates are low among poor and disadvantaged patients. Patient navigation has been shown to increase breast and cervical cancer screening rates, but few studies have looked at the ...
  • Saccone, Nancy L.; Culverhouse, Robert C.; Schwantes-An, Tae-Hwi; Cannon, Dale S.; Chen, Xiangning; Cichon, Sven; Giegling, Ina; Han, Shizhong; Han, Younghun; Keskitalo-Vuokko, Kaisu; Kong, Xiangyang; Landi, Maria Teresa; Ma, Jennie Z.; Short, Susan E.; Stephens, Sarah H.; Stevens, Victoria L.; Sun, Lingwei; Wang, Yufei; Wenzlaff, Angela S.; Aggen, Steven H.; Breslau, Naomi; Broderick, Peter; Chatterjee, Nilanjan; Chen, Jingchun; Heath, Andrew C.; Heliövaara, Markku; Hoft, Nicole R.; Hunter, David J.; Jensen, Majken K.; Martin, Nicholas G.; Montgomery, Grant W.; Niu, Tianhua; Payne, Thomas J.; Peltonen, Leena; Pergadia, Michele L.; Rice, John P.; Sherva, Richard; Spitz, Margaret R.; Sun, Juzhong; Wang, Jen C.; Weiss, Robert B.; Wheeler, William; Witt, Stephanie H.; Yang, Bao-Zhu; Caporaso, Neil E.; Ehringer, Marissa A.; Eisen, Tim; Gapstur, Susan M.; Gelernter, Joel; Houlston, Richard; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kendler, Kenneth S.; Kraft, Peter; Leppert, Mark F.; Li, Ming D.; Madden, Pamela A. F.; Nöthen, Markus M.; Pillai, Sreekumar; Rietschel, Marcella; Rujescu, Dan; Schwartz, Ann; Amos, Christopher I.; Bierut, Laura J. (Public Library of Science, 2010-8-5)
    Recently, genetic association findings for nicotine dependence, smoking behavior, and smoking-related diseases converged to implicate the chromosome 15q25.1 region, which includes the CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB4 cholinergic ...
  • Moradkhani, Kamran; Préhu, Claude; Old, John; Henderson, Shirley; Balamitsa, Vera; Luo, Hong-Yuan; Poon, Man-Chiu; Chui, David H. K.; Wajcman, Henri; Patrinos, George P. (Springer-Verlag, 2008-10-16)
    The human α-globin genes are paralogues, sharing a high degree of DNA sequence similarity and producing an identical α-globin chain. Over half of the α-globin structural variants reported to date are only characterized at ...

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