Browsing MED: Medicine Papers by Title

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Browsing MED: Medicine Papers by Title

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  • Gavras, Irene; Gavras, Haralambos (BioMed Central, 2001-11-3)
    The lowering of high blood pressure is supposed to protect target organs from hypertensive damage. The Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial was designed to compare the cardioprotective ...
  • Wright, Robert O.; Schwartz, Joel; Wright, Rosalind J.; Bollati, Valentina; Tarantini, Letizia; Park, Sung Kyun; Hu, Howard; Sparrow, David; Vokonas, Pantel; Baccarelli, Andrea (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2010-06)
    BACKGROUND. DNA methylation is an epigenetic mark that regulates gene expression. Changes in DNA methylation within white blood cells may result from cumulative exposure to environmental metals such as lead. Bone lead, a ...
  • Mordukhovich, Irina; Wilker, Elissa; Suh, Helen; Wright, Robert; Sparrow, David; Vokonas, Pantel S.; Schwartz, Joel (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2009-11)
    BACKGROUND. Particulate matter (PM) air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and elevated blood pressure (BP) is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. A small number of studies ...
  • Wilker, Elissa H.; Baccarelli, Andrea; Suh, Helen; Vokonas, Pantel; Wright, Robert O.; Schwartz, Joel (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2010-07)
    BACKGROUND. Black carbon (BC) is a marker of traffic pollution that has been associated with blood pressure (BP), but findings have been inconsistent. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as key regulators of gene expression, ...
  • Arshad, Farheen; Wang, Lili; Sy, Christopher; Avraham, Shalom; Avraham, Hava Karsenty (SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research, 2010-12-29)
    Brain metastasis, an important cause of cancer morbidity and mortality, occurs in at least 30% of patients with breast cancer. A key event of brain metastasis is the migration of cancer cells through the blood-brain barrier ...
  • Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Denton, Christopher P; Furst, Daniel E; Mayes, Maureen D; Hsu, Vivien M; Carpentier, Patrick; Wigley, Fredrick M; Black, Carol M; Fessler, Barri J; Merkel, Peter A; Pope, Janet E; Sweiss, Nadera J; Doyle, Mittie K; Hellmich, Bernhard; Medsger, Thomas A; Morganti, Adele; Kramer, Fabrice; Korn, Joseph H; Seibold, James R (BMJ Group, 2010-9-28)
    OBJECTIVES. Ischaemic digital ulcers (DUs) are common in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and are a cause of disease-related morbidity. In an earlier trial, treatment with bosentan, an oral endothelin receptor ...
  • Lincoln, Alisa K; Liebschutz, Jane M; Chernoff, Miriam; Nguyen, Dana; Amaro, Hortensia (BioMed Central, 2006-9-7)
    BACKGROUND. Despite the importance of identifying co-occurring psychiatric disorders in substance abuse treatment programs, there are few appropriate and validated instruments available to substance abuse treatment staff ...
  • Chiavolini, Damiana; Rangel-Moreno, Javier; Berg, Gretchen; Christian, Kate; Oliveira-Nascimento, Laura; Weir, Susan; Alroy, Joseph; Randall, Troy D.; Wetzler, Lee M. (Public Library of Science, 2010-6-16)
    BACKGROUND. Francisella tularensis causes severe pulmonary disease, and nasal vaccination could be the ideal measure to effectively prevent it. Nevertheless, the efficacy of this type of vaccine is influenced by the lack ...
  • Molenaar, Esther A.; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Grobbee, Diederick E.; Meigs, James B.; D'Agostino, Ralph B.; Levy, Daniel; Fox, Caroline S. (American Diabetes Association, 2011-12-29)
    OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We sought to determine rates of treatment and control of CVD risk factors among normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals in ...
  • Hamer, Davidson H; Singh, Mrigendra P; Wylie, Blair J; Yeboah-Antwi, Kojo; Tuchman, Jordan; Desai, Meghna; Udhayakumar, Venkatachalam; Gupta, Priti; Brooks, Mohamad I; Shukla, Manmohan M; Awasthy, Kiran; Sabin, Lora; MacLeod, William B; Dash, Aditya P; Singh, Neeru (BioMed Central, 2009-9-3)
    BACKGROUND. Past studies in India included only symptomatic pregnant women and thus may have overestimated the proportion of women with malaria. Given the large population at risk, a cross sectional study was conducted in ...
  • Koido, Shigeo; Hara, Eiichi; Homma, Sadamu; Namiki, Yoshihisa; Ohkusa, Toshifumi; Gong, Jianlin; Tajiri, Hisao (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2010-2-18)
    Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells and play a central role in the initiation and regulation of primary immune responses. Therefore, their use for the active immunotherapy against cancers has been ...
  • Vlad, Steven C; Felson, David T; Miller, Donald R (BioMed Central, 2009-6-17)
    INTRODUCTION. Osteonecrosis (ON) is a rare disease associated with alcohol and glucocorticoid use. Identifying additional risk factors is difficult as the number of cases at any single center is small. We investigated ...
  • Fleming, Jo N.; Nash, Richard A.; McLeod, D. O.; Fiorentino, David F.; Shulman, Howard M.; Connolly, M. Kari; Molitor, Jerry A.; Henstorf, Gretchen; Lafyatis, Robert; Pritchard, David K.; Adams, Lawrence D.; Furst, Daniel E.; Schwartz, Stephen M. (Public Library of Science, 2008-1-16)
    BACKGROUND. Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease with a characteristic vascular pathology. The vasculopathy associated with scleroderma is one of the major contributors to the clinical manifestations of the disease. ...
  • Hunter, David J; Li, Jiang; LaValley, Michael; Bauer, Doug C; Nevitt, Michael; DeGroot, Jeroen; Poole, Robin; Eyre, David; Guermazi, Ali; Gale, Dan; Felson, David T (BioMed Central, 2007-10-24)
    We used data from a longitudinal observation study to determine whether markers of cartilage turnover could serve as predictors of cartilage loss on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We conducted a study of data from the ...
  • Lash, Timothy L; Bradbury, Brian D; Wilk, Jemma B; Aschengrau, Ann (BioMed Central, 2005-3-21)
    INTRODUCTION. N-acetyltransferase 2 is a polymorphic enzyme in humans. Women who possess homozygous polymorphic alleles have a slower rate of metabolic activation of aryl aromatic amines, one of the constituents of tobacco ...
  • Horton, Nicholas J; Kim, Eugenia; Saitz, Richard (BioMed Central, 2007-2-15)
    BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is commonly used as a primary outcome in randomized alcohol treatment studies. The distribution of alcohol consumption is highly skewed, particularly in subjects with alcohol dependence. ...
  • Larson, Pamela S; Schlechter, Benjamin L; King, Chia-Lin; Yang, Qiong; Glass, Chelsea N; Mack, Charline; Pistey, Robert; de las Morenas, Antonio; Rosenberg, Carol L (BioMed Central, 2008-3-6)
    BACKGROUND. CDKN1C (also known as p57KIP2) is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor previously implicated in several types of human cancer. Its family members (CDKN1A/p21CIP1 and B/p27KIP1) have been implicated in breast ...
  • Deng, Lingyi Lynn; Alexander, Alice A.; Lei, Sijin; Anderson, John S. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2010-4-6)
    The cell wall teichuronic acid (TUA) of Micrococcus luteus is a long-chain polysaccharide composed of disaccharide repeating units [-4-β-D-ManNAcAp-(1→6)α-D-Glcp−1-]n, which is covalently anchored to the peptidoglycan on ...
  • Ly, Ngoc P; Ruiz-Perez, Begona; McLoughlin, Rachel M; Visness, Cynthia M; Wallace, Paul K; Cruikshank, William W; Tzianabos, Arthur O; O'Connor, George T; Gold, Diane R; Gern, James E (BioMed Central, 2009-7-8)
    BACKGROUND: In the United States, asthma prevalence is particularly high among urban children. Although the underlying immune mechanism contributing to asthma has not been identified, having impaired T regulatory (Treg) ...

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