The Role of the Applied Epidemiologist in Armed Conflict


Show simple item record McDonnell, Sharon M en_US Bolton, Paul en_US Sunderland, Nadine en_US Bellows, Ben en_US White, Mark en_US Noji, Eric en_US 2011-12-29T23:25:13Z 2011-12-29T23:25:13Z 2004 en_US 2004-10-7 en_US
dc.identifier.citation McDonnell, Sharon M, Paul Bolton, Nadine Sunderland, Ben Bellows, Mark White, Eric Noji. "The role of the applied epidemiologist in armed conflict" Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 1:4. (2004) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1742-7622 en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Applied epidemiologists are increasingly working in areas of insecurity and active conflict to define the health risks, suggest feasible means to reduce these risks and, monitor the capacity and reconstruction of the public health system. In 2001, The Carter Center and the United States Institute for Peace sponsored a conference within which "Violence and Health" was discussed and a working group on applied epidemiology formed. The group was tasked to describe the skills that are essential to effective functioning in these settings and thereby provide guidance to the applied epidemiology training programs. METHODS: We conducted a literature review and consultation of a convenience sample of practitioners of applied epidemiology with experience in conflict areas. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The health programs designed to prevent and mitigate conflict are in their early stages of implementation and the evaluation measures for success are still being defined. The practice of epidemiology in conflict must occur within a larger humanitarian and political context to be effective. The skills required extend beyond the normal epidemiological training that focuses on the valid collection and interpretation of data and fall into two general categories: (1) Conducting a thorough assessment of the conflict setting in order to design more effective public health action in conflict settings, and (2) Communicating effectively to guide health program implementation, to advocate for needed policy changes and to facilitate interagency coordination. These are described and illustrated using examples from different countries. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2004 McDonnell et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.title The Role of the Applied Epidemiologist in Armed Conflict en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1742-7622-1-4 en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 15679905 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 544942 en_US

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