Staying Cool When Things Get Hot: Emotion Regulation Modulates Neural Mechanisms of Memory Encoding

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dc.contributor.author Hayes, Jasmeet Pannu en_US
dc.contributor.author Morey, Rajendra A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Petty, Christopher M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Seth, Srishti en_US
dc.contributor.author Smoski, Moria J. en_US
dc.contributor.author McCarthy, Gregory en_US
dc.contributor.author LaBar, Kevin S. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-09T16:04:20Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-09T16:04:20Z
dc.date.copyright 2010 en_US
dc.date.issued 2010-12-22 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Hayes, Jasmeet Pannu, Rajendra A. Morey, Christopher M. Petty, Srishti Seth, Moria J. Smoski, Gregory McCarthy, Kevin S. LaBar. "Staying Cool When Things Get Hot: Emotion Regulation Modulates Neural Mechanisms of Memory Encoding" Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4 (2010) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1662-5161 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2144/2845
dc.description.abstract During times of emotional stress, individuals often engage in emotion regulation to reduce the experiential and physiological impact of negative emotions. Interestingly, emotion regulation strategies also influence memory encoding of the event. Cognitive reappraisal is associated with enhanced memory while expressive suppression is associated with impaired explicit memory of the emotional event. However, the mechanism by which these emotion regulation strategies affect memory is unclear. We used event-related fMRI to investigate the neural mechanisms that give rise to memory formation during emotion regulation. Twenty-five participants viewed negative pictures while alternately engaging in cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, or passive viewing. As part of the subsequent memory design, participants returned to the laboratory two weeks later for a surprise memory test. Behavioral results showed a reduction in negative affect and a retention advantage for reappraised stimuli relative to the other conditions. Imaging results showed that successful encoding during reappraisal was uniquely associated with greater co-activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus, amygdala, and hippocampus, suggesting a possible role for elaborative encoding of negative memories. This study provides neurobehavioral evidence that engaging in cognitive reappraisal is advantageous to both affective and mnemonic processes. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center of the Deparment of Veterans Affairs (Grant for Post-Deployment Mental Health); National Institutes of Health (K23 MH073091, K23 MH084013, 2 P01 NS041328) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Frontiers Research Foundation en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2010 Hayes, Morey, Petty, Seth, Smoski, McCarthy and LaBar. This is an open-access article subject to an exclusive license agreement between the authors and the Frontiers Research Foundation, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://www.frontiersin.org/licenseagreement en_US
dc.subject Arousal en_US
dc.subject Cognitive reappraisal en_US
dc.subject Declarative memory en_US
dc.subject Expressive suppression en_US
dc.subject Subsequent memory paradigm en_US
dc.subject Hippocampus en_US
dc.subject Amygdala en_US
dc.subject Left inferior frontal gyrus en_US
dc.title Staying Cool When Things Get Hot: Emotion Regulation Modulates Neural Mechanisms of Memory Encoding en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00230 en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 21212840 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 3015134 en_US

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