Implications of Cannabis Use and Heavy Alcohol Use on HIV Drug Risk Behaviors in Russian Heroin Users

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dc.contributor.author Walley, Alexander Y. en_US
dc.contributor.author Krupitsky, Evgeny M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Cheng, Debbie M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Raj, Anita en_US
dc.contributor.author Edwards, Erika M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Bridden, Carly en_US
dc.contributor.author Egorova, Valentina Y. en_US
dc.contributor.author Zvartau, Edwin E. en_US
dc.contributor.author Woody, George E. en_US
dc.contributor.author Samet, Jeffrey H. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-09T20:50:41Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-09T20:50:41Z
dc.date.issued 2007-5-9 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Walley, Alexander Y., Evgeny M. Krupitsky, Debbie M. Cheng, Anita Raj, Erika M. Edwards, Carly Bridden, Valentina Y. Egorova, Edwin E. Zvartau, George E. Woody, Jeffrey H. Samet. "Implications of Cannabis Use and Heavy Alcohol Use on HIV Drug Risk Behaviors in Russian Heroin Users" AIDS and Behavior 12(4): 662-669. (2007) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1573-3254 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2144/2863
dc.description.abstract Cannabis and heavy alcohol use potentially increase HIV transmission by increasing risky drug behaviors. We studied 404 subjects entering treatment for heroin dependence, in St. Petersburg, Russia. We used the HIV Risk Assessment Battery (RAB) drug subscale to measure risky drug behavior. Although all heavy alcohol users had risky drug behaviors, their drug RAB scores did not differ from non-heavy alcohol users in unadjusted or adjusted analyses. Cannabis use was significantly associated with drug RAB scores in unadjusted analyses (mean difference 1.7 points) and analyses adjusted for age, sex, and employment (mean difference 1.3 points). When also adjusting for stimulant use, the impact of cannabis use was attenuated and no longer statistically significant (mean difference 1.1 points). Because of the central role of risky drug behaviors in the Russian HIV epidemic, it is important to understand how the use of multiple substances, including cannabis and alcohol, impacts risky drug behaviors. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K24-AA015674); National Institutes of Health (R21-AA014821, R25-DA13582, T32-AI52074 04); National Institute on Drug Abuse (U10-DA13043, K05-DA 1709); National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer US en_US
dc.rights Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007 en_US
dc.subject Cannabis en_US
dc.subject Alcohol en_US
dc.subject Russia en_US
dc.subject HIV en_US
dc.subject Risk behaviors en_US
dc.title Implications of Cannabis Use and Heavy Alcohol Use on HIV Drug Risk Behaviors in Russian Heroin Users en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10461-007-9243-6 en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 17487577 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 2480514 en_US

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