Nesting Ecology and Cuticular Microbial Loads in Dampwood (Zootermopsis Angusticollis) and Drywood Termites (Incisitermes Minor, I. Schwarzi, Cryptotermes Cavifrons)

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dc.contributor.author Rosengaus, Rebeca B. en_US
dc.contributor.author Moustakas, Jacqueline E. en_US
dc.contributor.author Calleri, Daniel V. en_US
dc.contributor.author Traniello, James F.A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-11T16:42:56Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-11T16:42:56Z
dc.date.issued 2003-9-15 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Rosengaus, Rebeca B., Jacqueline E. Moustakas, Daniel V. Calleri, James F.A. Traniello. "Nesting ecology and cuticular microbial loads in dampwood (Zootermopsis angusticollis) and drywood termites (Incisitermes minor, I. schwarzi, Cryptotermes cavifrons)" Journal of Insect Science 3:31. (2003) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1536-2442 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2144/3121
dc.description.abstract Termites form one-piece nests in wood that can vary in their moisture content and degree of decomposition, and thus microbial richness. To estimate the microbial load of nests and the potential risk they pose for colony members, we quantified the number of microbes in the nest and on the cuticle of the dampwood termite, Zootermopsis angusticollis, and three drywood termites, Incisitermes minor, I. schwarzi, and Cryptotermes cavifrons. The number of colony forming units (CFUs) cultured from nest material samples and washes of the cuticle of larvae and nymphs were determined. CFUs recorded from nest material was low (fewer than 60 CFUs/g) in the drywood termites and comparatively high in the dampwood species, as more than 800 bacterial and fungal CFUs/g were cultured from the nest material of Z. angusticollis. Similarly, cuticular microbial loads were negligible in the drywood termites sampled, ranging from 0.5 to fewer than 16 CFUs/cm2, whereas approximately 200 CFUs/cm2 were cultured from Z. angusticollis. The nesting and feeding habits of these basal species likely influence colony microbial load and the degree of pathogen exposure, which in turn could favor adaptations to resist disease that vary with termite nesting biology. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation (IBN-0116857) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Arizona Library en_US
dc.subject Isoptera en_US
dc.subject Ecology en_US
dc.subject Pathogen load en_US
dc.subject Social evolution en_US
dc.title Nesting Ecology and Cuticular Microbial Loads in Dampwood (Zootermopsis Angusticollis) and Drywood Termites (Incisitermes Minor, I. Schwarzi, Cryptotermes Cavifrons) en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 15841247 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 524670 en_US

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