Children of Female Sex Workers and Drug Users: A Review of Vulnerability, Resilience and Family-Centred Models Of Care

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dc.contributor.author Beard, Jennifer en_US
dc.contributor.author Biemba, Godfrey en_US
dc.contributor.author Brooks, Mohamad I en_US
dc.contributor.author Costello, Jill en_US
dc.contributor.author Ommerborn, Mark en_US
dc.contributor.author Bresnahan, Megan en_US
dc.contributor.author Flynn, David en_US
dc.contributor.author Simon, Jonathon L en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-11T21:43:51Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-11T21:43:51Z
dc.date.copyright 2010 en_US
dc.date.issued 2010-6-23 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Beard, Jennifer, Godfrey Biemba, Mohamad I Brooks, Jill Costello, Mark Ommerborn, Megan Bresnahan, David Flynn, Jonathon L Simon. "Children of female sex workers and drug users: a review of vulnerability, resilience and family-centred models of care" Journal of the International AIDS Society 13(Suppl 2):S6. (2010) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1758-2652 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2144/3237
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND Injection drug users and female sex workers are two of the populations most at risk for becoming infected with HIV in countries with concentrated epidemics. Many of the adults who fall into these categories are also parents, but little is known about the vulnerabilities faced by their children, their children's sources of resilience, or programmes providing services to these often fragile families. This review synthesizes evidence from disparate sources describing the vulnerabilities and resilience of the children of female sex workers and drug users, and documents some models of care that have been put in place to assist them. REVIEW A large literature assessing the vulnerability and resilience of children of drug users and alcoholics in developed countries was found. Research on the situation of the children of sex workers is extremely limited. Children of drug users and sex workers can face unique risks, stigma and discrimination, but both child vulnerability and resilience are associated in the drug use literature with the physical and mental health of parents and family context. Family-centred interventions have been implemented in low- and middle-income contexts, but they tend to be small, piecemeal and struggling to meet demand; they are poorly documented, and most have not been formally evaluated. We present preliminary descriptive data from an organization working with pregnant and new mothers who are drug users in Ukraine and from an organization providing services to sex workers and their families in Zambia. CONCLUSIONS Because parents' drug use or sex work is often illegal and hidden, identifying their children can be difficult and may increase children's vulnerability and marginalization. Researchers and service providers, therefore, need to proceed with caution when attempting to reach these populations, but documentation and evaluation of current programmes should be prioritized. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Orphans and Vulnerable Children Comprehensive Action Research Task Order (GHH-I-00-07-00023-00) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2010 Beard et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en_US
dc.title Children of Female Sex Workers and Drug Users: A Review of Vulnerability, Resilience and Family-Centred Models Of Care en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1758-2652-13-S2-S6 en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 20573288 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 2890975 en_US

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