Intimate partner violence and infant morbidity: evidence of an association from a population-based study in eastern Uganda in 2003

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dc.contributor.author Karamagi, Charles AS en_US
dc.contributor.author Tumwine, James K en_US
dc.contributor.author Tylleskar, Thorkild en_US
dc.contributor.author Heggenhougen, Kristian en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-11T22:24:55Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-11T22:24:55Z
dc.date.copyright 2007 en_US
dc.date.issued 2007-11-7 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Karamagi, Charles AS, James K Tumwine, Thorkild Tylleskar, Kristian Heggenhougen. "Intimate partner violence and infant morbidity: evidence of an association from a population-based study in eastern Uganda in 2003" BMC Pediatrics 7:34. (2007) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2431 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2144/3276
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND. Although recent studies suggest that there is an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. It is against this background that as a secondary objective, we set out to explore whether an association exists between intimate partner violence and illness in infants. METHODS. We conducted a population based household survey in Mbale, eastern Uganda in 2003. Participants were 457 women (with 457 infants) who consented to participate in the study. We measured socio-demographics of women and occurrence of intimate partner violence. We measured socio-demographics, immunization, nutritional status, and illness in the previous two weeks of the children. RESULTS. The mean age of the women was 25 years (SD 5.7) while the mean age of the infants was 6 months (SD 3.5). The prevalence of lifetime intimate partner violence was 54% (95% CI 48%–60%). During the previous two weeks, 50% (95% CI 50%–54%) of the children had illness (fever, diarrhoea, cough and fast breathing). Lifetime intimate partner violence was associated with infant illness (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.2–2.8) and diarrhoea (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2–3.4). CONCLUSION. Our findings suggest that infant illnesses (fever, diarrhoea, cough and fast breathing) are associated with intimate partner violence, and provide insights into previous reports that have shown an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, suggesting possible underlying mechanisms. Our findings also highlight the importance of intimate partner violence on the health of children, and the need for further research in this area. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Norwegian Council for Higher Education's Programme for Development Research and Education en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2007 Karamagi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en_US
dc.title Intimate partner violence and infant morbidity: evidence of an association from a population-based study in eastern Uganda in 2003 en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2431-7-34 en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 17988374 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 2186330 en_US

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