Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires: A Randomized Comparison (2)

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dc.contributor.author Leece, Pam en_US
dc.contributor.author Bhandari, Mohit en_US
dc.contributor.author Sprague, Sheila en_US
dc.contributor.author Swiontkowski, Marc F en_US
dc.contributor.author Schemitsch, Emil H en_US
dc.contributor.author Tornetta, Paul en_US
dc.contributor.author Devereaux, PJ en_US
dc.contributor.author Guyatt, Gordon H en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-12T17:40:39Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-12T17:40:39Z
dc.date.issued 2004-9-24 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Leece, Pam, Mohit Bhandari, Sheila Sprague, Marc F Swiontkowski, Emil H Schemitsch, Paul Tornetta, PJ Devereaux, Gordon H Guyatt. "Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires: A Randomized Comparison (2)" Journal of Medical Internet Research 6(3):e30. (2004) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1438-8871 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2144/3420
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND Low response rates among surgeons can threaten the validity of surveys. Internet technologies may reduce the time, effort, and financial resources needed to conduct surveys. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether using Web-based technology could increase the response rates to an international survey. METHODS We solicited opinions from the 442 surgeon–members of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association regarding the treatment of femoral neck fractures. We developed a self-administered questionnaire after conducting a literature review, focus groups, and key informant interviews, for which we used sampling to redundancy techniques. We administered an Internet version of the questionnaire on a Web site, as well as a paper version, which looked similar to the Internet version and which had identical content. Only those in our sample could access the Web site. We alternately assigned the participants to receive the survey by mail (n=221) or an email invitation to participate on the Internet (n=221). Non-respondents in the mail arm received up to three additional copies of the survey, while non-respondents in the Internet arm received up to three additional requests, including a final mailed copy. All participants in the Internet arm had an opportunity to request an emailed Portable Document Format (PDF) version. RESULTS The Internet arm demonstrated a lower response rate (99/221, 45%) than the mail questionnaire arm (129/221, 58%) (absolute difference 13%, 95% confidence interval 4%-22%, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. Our Internet-based survey to surgeons resulted in a significantly lower response rate than a traditional mailed survey. Researchers should not assume that the widespread availability and potential ease of Internet-based surveys will translate into higher response rates. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Gunther Eysenbach en_US
dc.subject Survey en_US
dc.subject Methods en_US
dc.subject Mail surveys en_US
dc.subject Internet surveys en_US
dc.subject Response rate en_US
dc.title Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires: A Randomized Comparison (2) en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.2196/jmir.6.3.e30 en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid 15471756 en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid 1550617 en_US

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