Physics
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Physicists at Boston University look to open a window on the universe. An understanding of physics can elucidate everything from how a ball falls to the ground to what the early universe looked like, can shed light on the forces guiding the cosmos and the behavior of subatomic particles. A degree in physics provides the intellectual foundation for applications in engineering, technology, and industry, as well as in training the next generation of scientists at both the high school and university levels.
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Department chair: Andrei Ruckenstein
Campus address: 590 Commonwealth Avenue
Phone: 6173532600
Fax: 6173539393
Website: buphy.bu.edu
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Indicators of conformal field theory: Entanglement entropy and multiplepoint correlators
(American Physical Society, 20170727)The entanglement entropy (EE) of quantum systems is often used as a test of lowenergy descriptions by conformal field theory (CFT). Here we point out that this is not a reliable indicator, as the EE often shows the same ... 
Symmetry enhanced firstorder phase transition in a twodimensional quantum magnet
Theoretical studies of quantum phase transitions have suggested critical points with higher symmetries than those of the underlying Hamiltonian. Here we demonstrate a surprising emergent symmetry of the coexistence state ... 
Numerical investigations of SO(4) emergent extended symmetry in spin1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains
(American Physical Society, 20180710)The antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain is expected to have an extended symmetry, [SU(2)×SU(2)]/Z2, in the infrared limit whose physical interpretation is that the spin and dimer order parameters form the components of a ... 
Insulator to superfluid transition in coupled photonic cavities in two dimensions
(20080623)A system of coupled photonic cavities on a twodimensional square lattice is systematically investigated using the stochastic series expansion quantum Monte Carlo method. The ground state phase diagram contains insulating ... 
Fielddriven quantum phase transitions in S=1/2 spin chains
(American Physical Society, 20170525)We study the magnetization process of a onedimensional extended Heisenberg model, the J−Q model, as a function of an external magnetic field h. In this model, J represents the traditional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg ... 
Critical level crossings and gapless spin liquid in the squarelattice spin1/2 J1J2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet
(20170227)We use the DMRG method to calculate several energy eigenvalues of the frustrated S = 1 / 2 squarelattice J 1  J 2 Heisenberg model on 2 L × L cylinders with L ≤ 10. We identify ... 
Dynamic scaling in the twodimensional Ising spin glass with normaldistributed couplings
(American Physical Society, 20171102)We carry out simulated annealing and employ a generalized KibbleZurek scaling hypothesis to study the twodimensional Ising spin glass with normaldistributed couplings. The system has an equilibrium glass transition at ... 
Modulated phases in a threedimensional MaierSaupe model with competing interactions
(American Physical Society, 20170719)This work is dedicated to the study of the discrete version of the MaierSaupe model in the presence of competing interactions. The competition between interactions favoring different orientational ordering produces a rich ... 
Monte Carlo simulations of quantum spin systems in the valence bond basis
(2007)We discuss a projector Monte Carlo method for quantum spin models formulated in the valence bond basis, using the S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet as an example. Its singlet ground state can be projected out of an arbitrary ... 
Dynamical properties of the S=1/2 random Heisenberg chain
(American Physical Society, 20180328)We study dynamical properties at finite temperature (T) of Heisenberg spin chains with random antiferromagnetic exchange couplings, which realize the random singlet phase in the lowenergy limit, using three complementary ...