Robust inversion and detection techniques for improved imaging performance
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In this thesis we aim to improve the performance of information extraction from imaging systems through three thrusts. First, we develop improved image formation methods for physics-based, complex-valued sensing problems. We propose a regularized inversion method that incorporates prior information about the underlying field into the inversion framework for ultrasound imaging. We use experimental ultrasound data to compute inversion results with the proposed formulation and compare it with conventional inversion techniques to show the robustness of the proposed technique to loss of data. Second, we propose methods that combine inversion and detection in a unified framework to improve imaging performance. This framework is applicable for cases where the underlying field is label-based such that each pixel of the underlying field can only assume values from a discrete, limited set. We consider this unified framework in the context of combinatorial optimization and propose graph-cut based methods that would result in label-based images, thereby eliminating the need for a separate detection step. Finally, we propose a robust method of object detection from microscopic nanoparticle images. In particular, we focus on a portable, low cost interferometric imaging platform and propose robust detection algorithms using tools from computer vision. We model the electromagnetic image formation process and use this model to create an enhanced detection technique. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is demonstrated using manually labeled ground-truth data. In addition, we extend these tools to develop a detection based autofocusing algorithm tailored for the high numerical aperture interferometric microscope.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Boston University