An Institutional Approach to Donor Control: From Dyadic Ties to a Field‐Level Analysis
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CitationBarman, Emily. 2007. An Institutional Approach to Donor Control: From Dyadic Ties to a Field‐Level Analysis. American Journal of Sociology 112, no. 5 (March 1): 1416-1457.
Literature on the nonprofit sector focuses on charities and their interactions with clients or governmental agencies; donors are studied less often. Studies on philanthropy do examine donors but tend to focus on microlevel factors to explain their behavior. This study, in contrast, draws on institutional theory to show that macrolevel factors affect donor behavior. It also extends the institutional framework by examining the field‐level configurations in which donors and fundraisers are embedded. Employing the case of workplace charity, this new model highlights how the composition of the organizational field structures fundraisers and donors alike, shaping fundraisers’ strategies of solicitation and, therefore, the extent of donor control.