Earth & Environment
Our mission: to understand a changing Earth, its relationships with humankind, and to develop strategies for a sustainable future. A central, overarching theme in the department is climate science, which represents the defining and unifying earth and environmental science issue of the 21st century. The coupled natural and human dimensions of climate change infuse our research, whether that may be in the form of climate reconstructions from marine and terrestrial archives; predicting regional climate variability from the analysis of historical data and modeling; understanding the impacts of climate change on nutrient cycling, plant communities, and the biogeochemistry of natural and urban ecosystems; predicting the consequences of climate-change mitigation and adaptation for energy markets; or assessing climate change risks on agriculture and the implications for regional food security, among many other active areas of research.
Department chair: Dave R. Marchant
Campus address: 685 Commonwealth Avenue
All materials in OpenBU are subject to Title 17 of the U.S. Code.
Collections in this community
(2018-03-23)Microorganisms oxidize organic nitrogen to nitrate in a series of steps. Nitrite, an intermediate product, accumulates at the base of the sunlit layer in the subtropical ocean, forming a primary nitrite maximum, but can ...
(2016)Primary production in coastal waters is generally nitrogen (N) limited with denitrification outpacing nitrogen fixation (N2-fixation). However, recent work suggests that we have potentially underestimated the importance ...
(2017-04-05)Artificial neural networks are computational models widely used in geospatial analysis for data classification, change detection, clustering, function approximation, and forecasting or prediction. There are many types of ...
A discussion on the tectonic implications of Ediacaran late- to post-orogenic A-type granite in the northeastern Arabian Shield, Saudi Arabia (American Geophysical Union, 2017-03-01)The transition from late‐orogenic to post‐orogenic magmatism following major orogenic episodes such as the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian East African Orogen (EAO) is an important, yet not well‐understood geological event ...
Analysis of global LAI/FPAR Pproducts from VIIRS and MODIS sensors for spatio-temporal consistency and uncertainty from 2012-2016 (MDPI, 2018-02-01)The operational Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Leaf Area Index (LAI) and Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) algorithm has been successfully implemented for ...
(MDPI AG, 2018-02-07)NASA's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) onboard NOAA's Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite observes the entire sunlit Earth every 65 to 110 min from the Sun-Earth Lagrangian L1 point. This paper ...
Persistent anomalies of the extratropical Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation as an initiator of El Niño/Southern Oscillation events. (2017-08-31)Climates across both hemispheres are strongly influenced by tropical Pacific variability associated with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Conversely, extratropical variability also can affect the tropics. In ...
(2017-12-13)Earth reflectivity, which is also specified as Earth albedo or Earth reflectance, is defined as the fraction of incident solar radiation reflected back to space at the top of the atmosphere. It is a key climate parameter ...
The Spectral Invariant Approximation within Canopy Radiative Transfer to Support the Use of the EPIC/DSCOVR Oxygen B-band for Monitoring Vegetation (2017-12-13)EPIC (Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera) is a 10-channel spectroradiometer onboard DSCOVR (Deep Space Climate Observatory) spacecraft. In addition to the NIR (780 nm) and the ‘red’ (680 nm) channels, EPIC also has the O2 ...