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dc.contributor.authorPhan, Toan Anhen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-05T04:14:55Z
dc.date.available2015-08-05T04:14:55Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.submitted2012
dc.identifier.other(ALMA)contemp
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/12591
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A.)--Boston University PLEASE NOTE: Boston University Libraries did not receive an Authorization To Manage form for this thesis or dissertation. It is therefore not openly accessible, though it may be available by request. If you are the author or principal advisor of this work and would like to request open access for it, please contact us at open-help@bu.edu. Thank you.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe eye is an immune privileged tissue. Within the ocular microenvironment, there are regulatory mechanisms that suppress inflammation. These anti-inflammatory mechanisms are partly mediated by immunomodulating neuropeptides. We previously found that alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and Neuropeptide Y (NPY) together induce activation of myeloid suppressor-like macrophages. In this study, we examined the possibility that α-MSH and NPY also modulate phagocytosis by macrophages. The monocytic cell line RAW 246.7 was treated with α-MSH and NPY at 1 ng/ml each, a concentration produced by retinal pigment epithelial cells in culture. The treated cells were fed florescent bioparticles of Gram(-) E. Coli or Gram(+) S. Aureus with or without opsin and assayed by flow cytometry. Also tested were the formation of phagolysosomes using pH sensitive florescent E. Coli or S. Aureus bioparticles with or without opsin, and the level of mannose receptors. The a MSH and NPY treated macrophages were significantly suppressed in their capacity to phagocytize unopsonized E. coli; however, suppression of S. Aureus phagocytosis was limited to NPY treated macrophages. In addition, α-MSH and NPY co-treatment suppressed phagocytosis and phagolysosome formation in the macrophages. Fluorescent microscopy imaging showed that there was a qualitative change in phagolysosome formation in opsonized bioparticle conjugates corresponding to the change seen in relative intensity measurements. There was no significant change in the number of man nose receptors in α-MSH, NPY, or α-MSH and NPY treated cells. As α-MSH and NPY together can induce suppressor macrophages within the ocular microenvironment, they can also modulate in a stimulus-dependent manner phagocytic signals within the macrophages. Therefore while the eye is protecting itself from the damaging effects of inflammation it may be making itself vulnerable by having less than optimal innate immune clearance of infectious pathogens.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherBoston Universityen_US
dc.titleOcular immunomodulating neuropeptides alpha-MSH and neuropeptide Y modulate phagocytic activity of the microphage cell line RAW 246.7en_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
etd.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_US
etd.degree.levelmastersen_US
etd.degree.disciplineMedical Sciencesen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US


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