A comparison of two treatments for sentence comprehension deficits in aphasia
Villard, Sarah Noelle
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Background: Several types of assessment measures have been used to examine sentence comprehension deficits in individuals with aphasia, including Sentence-to-Picture Matching (SPM) and Object Manipulation (OM). Each of these assessment tasks was adapted into a corresponding treatment method by Kiran et al. (2012). One focus of the current study was to compare the SPM treatment method to the OM treatment method. An additional goal was to investigate the cognitive and linguistic demands of each of these tasks, as well as how these demands may be altered when the tasks are adapted as treatment methods and used intensively with patients during therapy over a period of weeks. Data Analysis: Participants in Kiran et al.'s study were assigned to receive language therapy focusing on one of four syntactic structures and were assigned to one of two treatment groups (SPM or OM). The current study examined participant improvement on sentence comprehension screening batteries from pre- to post-treatment, paying particular attention to the respective gains made by participants in the SPM treatment group vs. the OM treatment group. [TRUNCATED]
Thesis (M.S.)--Boston University
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