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dc.contributor.authorStokely, Kevin Cen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-07T03:38:01Z
dc.date.available2015-08-07T03:38:01Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.submitted2013
dc.identifier.other(ALMA)contemp
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/12854
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.)--Boston University PLEASE NOTE: Boston University Libraries did not receive an Authorization To Manage form for this thesis or dissertation. It is therefore not openly accessible, though it may be available by request. If you are the author or principal advisor of this work and would like to request open access for it, please contact us at open-help@bu.edu. Thank you.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis utilizes the methods of statistical physics and computer simulation to study the thermodynamic and dynamic behavior of liquid water at supercooled temperatures. The behavior of water deviates from that of a simple liquid in a number of remarkable ways, many of which become more apparent as the liquid is supercooled below its equilibrium freezing temperature. Yet, due to nucleation to the crystalline state, a large region of the phase diagram of the supercooled liquid remains unexplored. We make use of a simple model for liquid water to shed light on the behavior of real water in the experimentally inaccessible region. The model predicts a line of phase transitions in the pressure--temperature plane, between high- and low- density forms of liquid water, ending in a liquid-liquid critical point (LLCP). Such a LLCP provides a thermodynamic origin for one of liquid water's anomalies--the rapid rise, and extrapolated divergence, of thermodynamic response functions upon cooling. We find one such response function, the isobaric specific heat, CP, displays two distinct maxima as a function of temperature T in the supercooled region. One maximum is a consequence of the directional nature of hydrogen (H) bonding among molecules; the other is a consequence of the cooperative nature of H bonding. With pressurization, these two maxima move closer in T, finally coinciding at the LLCP. This suggests that measurement of CP far from any LLCP could provide evidence for the existence of water's LLCP. Recent experiments find that the T-dependence of the characteristic time for H bond rearrangement displays three distinct regimes. Our observed behavior of CP, combined with Adam-Gibbs theory, allows for a thermodynamic interpretation of this feature of water's dynamics. The dynamics of the model are also measured directly by a Monte Carlo procedure, and are found in agreement with experiment. Further, the model allows the directional and cooperative components of the H bond interaction to be varied independently. By varying only these two energy scales, the low-T phase diagram changes dramatically, exhibiting one of several previously proposed thermodynamic scenarios. Our results link each of these scenarios, by recognizing the energetics of the H bond as the underlying physical mechanism responsible for each.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherBoston Universityen_US
dc.titleThermodynamics and dynamics of supercooled wateren_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
etd.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
etd.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
etd.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US


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