The current Peruvian-Ecuadoran border dispute and its background.
Cohen, David J
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The century old boundary dispute between Ecuador and Peru is still going on. In the past the dispute concerned three sections of territory: 1) the Oriente area (including the Mainas region, the eastern slope of the Andes, and several tributaries of the Amazon); 2.) a southerly district known as Jaen; and 3) the Tumbes district on the Pacific coast. The major problems had been settled in successive treaties and protocols, the last one in 1942. Today the issue is one of interpretation of the 1942 Protocol. A scientifically accurate geographic survey in 1946 revealed new features of the Cenepa river formerly unknown. Because of this, the problem has assumed new significance and needs some clarification. The territories we now know as Ecuador and Peru comprised a large part of the Inca Empire. Internally split, the Empire began to disintegrate in the early 16th century, at which time Spain conquered and later colonized the territory. It was under the Spanish colonial administrations that the seeds for future boundary disputes were sown. Many of the Spanish royal decrees establishing Audiencias were confused and wordy. [TRUNCATED]
Thesis (M.A.)--Boston University