The climate of the Middle East.
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In Winter, the climate of the Middle East is controlled by the Asiatic High Pressure Area centered over Turkestan and Western Mongolia and extending to Iran, with a ridge beyond the Caspian so that it covers Anatolia. Polar Continental, Tropical Continental, and modified Maritime air, affect the area under discussion in Winter. Weakening of the Asiatic High permits entrance or maritime air from Northwestern Europe and the Mediterranean, which brings most or the area's precipitation. Southwest winds in the wake or the cyclones traveling over the Mediterranean bring hot, dry, dusty winds from the southern deserts and are known in the various countries by different names. In Summer, the chief control is the Asiatic Low centered in Afghanistan and Northwestern India, with an extension reaching the head of the lowlands of Mesopotamia. The air circulates around the Afghanistan Low. Due to the over land route traversed prior to entering the Middle East, this air is quite dry, and brings little if any rain. [TRUNCATED]
Thesis (M.A.)--Boston University
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