Effects of C-terminal truncations of the histone acetyltransferase p300 on the growth and gene expression patterns of human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell lines
Haery, Leila M.
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Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of non-Hodgkin’s B- cell lymphoma, accounting for about 30% of these lymphomas in the United States. Large-scale genome analyses of DLBCL have identified mutations in the related histone acetyltransferases (HATs) p300 and CBP in approximately 15% of patient samples and patient-derived cell lines. The research presented herein characterizes two human DLBCL cell lines, RC-K8 and SUDHL2, which express C-terminally truncated HAT domain-deficient p300 proteins, p300ΔC-1087 and p300 p300ΔC-820, respectively. It is shown that p300ΔC-820 localizes to sites of active transcription in the nucleus, interacts with NF-κB transcription factor REL, weakly enhances REL-dependent transactivation, and has a half-life similar to wild-type p300. Results demonstrate that knockdown of p300ΔC-820 in SUDHL2 cells reduces cell proliferation in vitro. In RC-K8 cells, p300ΔC-1087 suppresses expression of the NF-κB target genes A20 and IκBα, both of which are cytotoxic when overexpressed in RC-K8 cells. Microarray analysis of p300ΔC1087 knockdown compared to wild-type RC-K8 cells indicated that p300ΔC-1087 suppresses an NF-κB gene expression program and activates a MYC gene expression program in RC-K8 cells. Bioinformatic analysis demonstrated that cancer cell lines— regardless of tissue type—with truncating p300 mutations have altered expression of a MYC target gene set as compared to cancer cell lines with wild-type p300/CBP. Taken together, this research indicates that p300 truncations contribute to cell growth in DLBCL by modifying the transcriptional output of two lymphoid cell-specific oncoproteins, NF- κB and MYC, to optimal levels and suggests that p300 truncating mutations similarly modify the activity of oncogenic drivers in other cancer cell types. Based on this work, p300 truncation is proposed to represent a new class of oncogenic mutation that serves to optimize the activity of context-specific oncogenic transcription factors, and it is suggested that such oncogenic mutations be termed “cancer modifying” mutations.