A comprehensive review of the amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid
Brazzo, Joseph Anthony
MetadataShow full item record
The amniotic membrane and the amniotic fluid are one of life's most complex and delicate tissues and fluids, respectively. What was known about this tissue and fluid prior to the 20th century was extremely limited scientifically, but was significantly defined by beliefs entrenched in mysticism, folklore, and superstitions. A comprehensive literature review of the amniotic membrane tissue and amniotic fluid reveals the many unique and complex characteristics and biological properties that been heavily investigated since the turn of the 20th century and continues to surge into the 21st century. The historical perspectives, evolution, derivation, histology, structure, and composition of the amniotic membrane; and historical perspectives, volume and regulation, and cellular and non-cellular composition of the amniotic fluid are discussed here and are coalesced for an easy and comprehensible resource. Lastly, future perspectives regarding research and application of the amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid, including stem cells are discussed.