A comprehensive review of the amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid
Brazzo, Joseph Anthony
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The amniotic membrane and the amniotic fluid are one of life's most complex and delicate tissues and fluids, respectively. What was known about this tissue and fluid prior to the 20th century was extremely limited scientifically, but was significantly defined by beliefs entrenched in mysticism, folklore, and superstitions. A comprehensive literature review of the amniotic membrane tissue and amniotic fluid reveals the many unique and complex characteristics and biological properties that been heavily investigated since the turn of the 20th century and continues to surge into the 21st century. The historical perspectives, evolution, derivation, histology, structure, and composition of the amniotic membrane; and historical perspectives, volume and regulation, and cellular and non-cellular composition of the amniotic fluid are discussed here and are coalesced for an easy and comprehensible resource. Lastly, future perspectives regarding research and application of the amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid, including stem cells are discussed.
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Albergotti, Lori C.; Hamlin, Heather J.; McCoy, Michael W.; Guillette,, Louis J. (Public Library of Science, 2009-5-8)BACKGROUND. During development, all amniotes (mammals, reptiles, and birds) form extraembryonic membranes, which regulate gas and water exchange, remove metabolic wastes, provide shock absorption, and transfer maternally ...
The effect of chemical and light cross-linking procedures on the levels of beneficial growth factors in human amniotic membrane for use in ophthalmology Bajwa, Amrita Kaur (Boston University, 2011)The overall goal of this research is to alleviate suffering and improve visual outcomes for burn patients during recovery, using amniotic membrane as a stabilized 'patch' for the corneal surface. Second and third degree ...
Grisham, Candace Janine (2019)The amniotic membrane is a lining along the inner aspect of the placenta that envelops a developing embryo (then fetus). This component is critical for the adequate growth and nutrition of the fetus and can greatly impact ...