Search by Shape Examples: Modeling Nonrigid Deformation
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Citation (published version)Sclaroff, S.; Pentland, A.P.. "Search by Shape Examples: Modeling Nonrigid Deformation”, Technical Report BUCS-1994-015, Computer Science Department, Boston University, October 1994. [Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/1485]
We describe our work on shape-based image database search using the technique of modal matching. Modal matching employs a deformable shape decomposition that allows users to select example objects and have the computer efficiently sort the set of objects based on the similarity of their shape. Shapes are compared in terms of the types of nonrigid deformations (differences) that relate them. The modal decomposition provides deformation "control knobs" for flexible matching and thus allows for selecting weighted subsets of shape parameters that are deemed significant for a particular category or context. We demonstrate the utility of this approach for shape comparison in 2-D image databases; however, the general formulation is applicable to signals of any dimensionality.