Building executive functioning to facilitate IADL skills for emerging adults with autism spectrum disorder: the EFFECT program
Lavin, Kelly A.
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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurologically based developmental disorder that can affect an individual’s thinking, feeling, language development and social interactions. The prevalence of ASD in the United States continues to rise and today is identified in approximately 1 in 68 children. The symptoms of ASD interfere with and limit everyday functioning (Centers for Disease Control, 2015), which results in the majority of individuals with ASD remaining dependent on caregivers in the areas of education, habitation, and recreation (Billstedt, Gillberg, and Gillberg, 2005 & 2011). There is growing evidence that executive dysfunction may contribute to the social, cognitive and functional deficits observed in individuals with ASD; however, there is a significant lack of evidence based interventions that address executive functioning skills for emerging adults with ASD. The EFFECT program was developed to address this identified need. It is an 8-week comprehensive program based on research, that facilitates activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living by addressing underlying executive functioning skills. A thorough literature review, methods for program implementation, funding, dissemination and program evaluation are described.