Adaptive Routing of QoS-constrained Media Streams over Scalable Overlay Topologies
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Current research on Internet-based distributed systems emphasizes the scalability of overlay topologies for efficient search and retrieval of data items, as well as routing amongst peers. However, most existing approaches fail to address the transport of data across these logical networks in accordance with quality of service (QoS) constraints. Consequently, this paper investigates the use of scalable overlay topologies for routing real-time media streams between publishers and potentially many thousands of subscribers. Specifically, we analyze the costs of using k-ary n-cubes for QoS-constrained routing. Given a number of nodes in a distributed system, we calculate the optimal k-ary n-cube structure for minimizing the average distance between any pair of nodes. Using this structure, we describe a greedy algorithm that selects paths between nodes in accordance with the real-time delays along physical links. We show this method improves the routing latencies by as much as 67%, compared to approaches that do not consider physical link costs. We are in the process of developing a method for adaptive node placement in the overlay topology, based upon the locations of publishers, subscribers, physical link costs and per-subscriber QoS constraints. One such method for repositioning nodes in logical space is discussed, to improve the likelihood of meeting service requirements on data routed between publishers and subscribers. Future work will evaluate the benefits of such techniques more thoroughly.