Viktor Ullmann's Terezín Lieder: a performance guide to songs for soprano or high voice
Zabelsky, Jennifer Ann
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Viktor Ullmann's Terezín Lieder: A Performance Guide to Songs for Soprano or High Voice is, as the title states, a detailed guide of nine songs composed while Ullmann was imprisoned in the Terezín Ghetto from 1942-1944. This dissertation also proves that although he was incarcerated in terrible and inhumane conditions, Ullmann, among others, was able to compose music highly artistic in style and value. The songs and sets included in this document are "Wendla im Garten" (1918/1943), Hölderlin Lieder (1943/1944), Lieder der Tröstung (1943), and Drei jiddische Lieder/Březulinka Op. 53 (1944). Included is the history of Terezín before and during World War II, the camp's musical output, and a concise biographical background of Viktor Ullmann's life. A brief biography of each poet or writer (Frank Wedekind, Friedrich Hölderlin, Albert Steffen, David Einhorn, and Zalman Shneour) is given along with a discussion as to why Ullmann chose particular poems and prose. The importance anthroposophy had on his life and his musical output is also explored. The original text of each poem or prose is given with a poetic translation. In addition, the texts presented in Ullmann's scores are provided with a word for word translation and International Phonetic Alphabet pronunciation guide. A style guide to various elements - e.g. melody, harmony, range, accompaniment, etc. - in each song is also provided in hopes of allowing these songs to be more approachable and accessible. Finally, lists of various foundations dedicated to the life and music of Viktor Ullmann and the Holocaust, as well as Ullmann lieder scores and recordings are provided.