Efficiently and Fairly Allocating Bandwidth at a Highly Congested Link
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We consider the problem of efficiently and fairly allocating bandwidth at a highly congested link to a diverse set of flows, including TCP flows with various Round Trip Times (RTT), non-TCP-friendly flows such as Constant-Bit-Rate (CBR) applications using UDP, misbehaving, or malicious flows. Though simple, a FIFO queue management is vulnerable. Fair Queueing (FQ) can guarantee max-min fairness but fails at efficiency. RED-PD exploits the history of RED's actions in preferentially dropping packets from higher-rate flows. Thus, RED-PD attempts to achieve fairness at low cost. By relying on RED's actions, RED-PD turns out not to be effective in dealing with non-adaptive flows in settings with a highly heterogeneous mix of flows. In this paper, we propose a new approach we call RED-NB (RED with No Bias). RED-NB does not rely on RED's actions. Rather it explicitly maintains its own history for the few high-rate flows. RED-NB then adaptively adjusts flow dropping probabilities to achieve max-min fairness. In addition, RED-NB helps RED itself at very high loads by tuning RED's dropping behavior to the flow characteristics (restricted in this paper to RTTs) to eliminate its bias against long-RTT TCP flows while still taking advantage of RED's features at low loads. Through extensive simulations, we confirm the fairness of RED-NB and show that it outperforms RED, RED-PD, and CHOKe in all scenarios.