Lincoln and the tools of war.
Bruce, Robert Vance
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Abraham Lincoln made ordnance one of his special concerns during the first two and a half years of his administration, both from personal inclination and to balance the conservatism of his Chief of Ordnance, Brigadier General James W. Ripley. General Ripley was a stern old soldier of nearly fifty years' service, whose instincts and experience confirmed him in opposition to all new weapons. There was some reason for such opposition: his department was short of the trained officers needed to test new devices; changes in design would have delayed production; and diversity in weapons meant confusion in ammunition. But Ripley went beyond reason in his reverence for the status quo, and this at a time when major improvements were taking place in nearly all types of weapons. [TRUNCATED]
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Boston University