Comparison of ApoE-related brain connectivity differences in EMCI and normal aging populations: an fMRI study
MetadataShow full item record
In this study, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans from subjects with early mild cognitive impairment (EMCI) and control subjects to study functional network connectivity. The scans were acquired by the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroscience Initiative (ADNI). We used genetic data from the ADNI database to further subdivide the EMCI and control groups into genotype groups with or without the ApoE4 allele. ROI-to-ROI resting-state functional connectivity was measured using Freesurfer and the Functional Connectivity Toolbox for Matlab (CONN). In our analysis, we compared whole-brain ROI connectivity strength and ROI-to-ROI functional network connectivity strength between EMCI, control and genotype subject groups. We found that the ROI network properties were disrupted in EMCI and ApoE4-containing groups. Notably, we show that (1) EMCI disrupts functional connectivity strength in many areas; (2) the ApoE4 allele disrupts functional connectivity strength in similar areas to EMCI; and (3) the differences in functional connectivity between groups shows a multifactor contribution to functional network dysfunction along the trajectory leading to dementia.