End-to-End Inference of Loss Nature in a Hybrid Wired/Wireless Environment
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End-to-End differentiation between wireless and congestion loss can equip TCP control so it operates effectively in a hybrid wired/wireless environment. Our approach integrates two techniques: packet loss pairs (PLP) and Hidden Markov Modeling (HMM). A packet loss pair is formed by two back-to-back packets, where one packet is lost while the second packet is successfully received. The purpose is for the second packet to carry the state of the network path, namely the round trip time (RTT), at the time the other packet is lost. Under realistic conditions, PLP provides strong differentiation between congestion and wireless type of loss based on distinguishable RTT distributions. An HMM is then trained so observed RTTs can be mapped to model states that represent either congestion loss or wireless loss. Extensive simulations confirm the accuracy of our HMM-based technique in classifying the cause of a packet loss. We also show the superiority of our technique over the Vegas predictor, which was recently found to perform best and which exemplifies other existing loss labeling techniques.