Smooth Multirate Multicast Congestion Control
Byers, John W.
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A significant impediment to deployment of multicast services is the daunting technical complexity of developing, testing and validating congestion control protocols ﬁt for wide-area deployment. Protocols such as pgmcc and TFMCC have recently made considerable progress on the single rate case, i.e. where one dynamic reception rate is maintained for all receivers in the session. However, these protocols have limited applicability, since scaling to session sizes beyond tens of participants necessitates the use of multiple rate protocols. Unfortunately, while existing multiple rate protocols exhibit better scalability, they are both less mature than single rate protocols and suffer from high complexity. We propose a new approach to multiple rate congestion control that leverages proven single rate congestion control methods by orchestrating an ensemble of independently controlled single rate sessions. We describe SMCC, a new multiple rate equation-based congestion control algorithm for layered multicast sessions that employs TFMCC as the primary underlying control mechanism for each layer. SMCC combines the benefits of TFMCC (smooth rate control, equation-based TCP friendliness) with the scalability and flexibility of multiple rates to provide a sound multiple rate multicast congestion control policy.