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dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Neuer, Marleneen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-12T19:20:30Z
dc.date.available2016-07-12T19:20:30Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/17019
dc.description.abstractColitis can be a life-threatening immune-related adverse event (irAE) for patients with metastatic melanoma treated with immune checkpoint blockade, a new anti-cancer immunotherapy. With the increasing use of PD-1/PD-L1 and CTLA-4 inhibitors, particularly in combination in melanoma and other cancers, timely and accurate diagnosis of colitis will become increasingly important for oncologists. The main goal of this study is to understand the clinical presentation of ipilimumab-induced colitis and to validate the use of CT scans as a safe and effective diagnostic tool. We analyzed a cohort of 303 patients who received ipilimumab at Dana Farber Cancer Institute on an expanded access protocol or standard of care between the years of 2008 and 2015. Age, number of doses and frequency of ipilimumab doses were found to be clinical characteristics which could help differentiate patients who develop ipilimumab induced colitis from those who only present with diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Of the 303 patients, 100 (33%) developed diarrhea and 43 (14%) received treatment with corticosteroids for ipilimumab-induced colitis. For all patients with suspected immune-related colitis, an effort was made to firmly establish the diagnosis prior to or immediately after initiation of treatment. Forty-one of 43 patients (95%) who received steroids for presumed immune-related colitis had a colonoscopy and 27 of 43 (63%) patients had both computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen/pelvis and a colonoscopy including biopsy. In the 31 patients with a CT and biopsy, CT was highly predictive of the presence of colitis on biopsy (sensitivity 85%, specificity 75%, PPV 96%) and the absence of CT findings was predictive of a negative biopsy (negative LR 0.2). In the 44 patients who had symptoms and CT evaluation, CT was highly predictive of the need for steroids to reach resolution of symptoms (sensitivity 85%, specificity 88%, PPV 92%, positive LR 7.3). Fifteen of the 17 patients with negative CT findings did not require steroids to reach resolution of symptoms. In conclusion, CT of the abdomen/pelvis is a fast, reliable, and non-invasive mode of diagnosing ipilimumab-induced immune-related colitis, whereas colonoscopy may not be needed to firmly establish that diagnosisen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.subjectMedicineen_US
dc.subjectColonoscopyen_US
dc.subjectCTen_US
dc.subjectMelanomaen_US
dc.subjectCheckpoint blockadeen_US
dc.subjectImmune therapyen_US
dc.titleSystematic diagnostic evaluation for immune-related colitis: a single institutional review of advanced melanoma patients treated with ipilimumaben_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.date.updated2016-06-18T22:28:56Z
etd.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
etd.degree.levelmastersen_US
etd.degree.disciplineClinical Investigationen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US


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