Multiplicative Kernels: Object Detection, Segmentation and Pose Estimation
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Object detection is challenging when the object class exhibits large within-class variations. In this work, we show that foreground-background classification (detection) and within-class classification of the foreground class (pose estimation) can be jointly learned in a multiplicative form of two kernel functions. One kernel measures similarity for foreground-background classification. The other kernel accounts for latent factors that control within-class variation and implicitly enables feature sharing among foreground training samples. Detector training can be accomplished via standard SVM learning. The resulting detectors are tuned to specific variations in the foreground class. They also serve to evaluate hypotheses of the foreground state. When the foreground parameters are provided in training, the detectors can also produce parameter estimate. When the foreground object masks are provided in training, the detectors can also produce object segmentation. The advantages of our method over past methods are demonstrated on data sets of human hands and vehicles.