A Type System For Safe SN Resource Allocation
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Citation (published version)Ocean, Michael; Kfoury, Assaf; Bestavros, Azer. "A Type System For Safe SN Resource Allocation", Technical Report BUCS-TR-2008-011, Computer Science Department, Boston University, June 14, 2008. [Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/1704]
snBench is a platform on which novice users compose and deploy distributed Sense and Respond programs for simultaneous execution on a shared, distributed infrastructure. It is a natural imperative that we have the ability to (1) verify the safety/correctness of newly submitted tasks and (2) derive the resource requirements for these tasks such that correct allocation may occur. To achieve these goals we have established a multi-dimensional sized type system for our functional-style Domain Specific Language (DSL) called Sensor Task Execution Plan (STEP). In such a type system data types are annotated with a vector of size attributes (e.g., upper and lower size bounds). Tracking multiple size aspects proves essential in a system in which Images are manipulated as a first class data type, as image manipulation functions may have specific minimum and/or maximum resolution restrictions on the input they can correctly process. Through static analysis of STEP instances we not only verify basic type safety and establish upper computational resource bounds (i.e., time and space), but we also derive and solve data and resource sizing constraints (e.g., Image resolution, camera capabilities) from the implicit constraints embedded in program instances. In fact, the static methods presented here have benefit beyond their application to Image data, and may be extended to other data types that require tracking multiple dimensions (e.g., image "quality", video frame-rate or aspect ratio, audio sampling rate). In this paper we present the syntax and semantics of our functional language, our type system that builds costs and resource/data constraints, and (through both formalism and specific details of our implementation) provide concrete examples of how the constraints and sizing information are used in practice.