On the Complexity of Quantum ACC
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Citation (published version)Green, Frederic; Homer, Steven; Pollett, Christopher. "On the Complexity of Quantum ACC", Technical Report BUCS-2000-003, Computer Science Department, Boston University, January 20, 2000. [Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/1798]
For any q > 1, let MOD_q be a quantum gate that determines if the number of 1's in the input is divisible by q. We show that for any q,t > 1, MOD_q is equivalent to MOD_t (up to constant depth). Based on the case q=2, Moore has shown that quantum analogs of AC^(0), ACC[q], and ACC, denoted QAC^(0)_wf, QACC, QACC respectively, define the same class of operators, leaving q > 2 as an open question. Our result resolves this question, implying that QAC^(0)_wf = QACC[q] = QACC for all q. We also prove the first upper bounds for QACC in terms of related language classes. We define classes of languages EQACC, NQACC (both for arbitrary complex amplitudes) and BQACC (for rational number amplitudes) and show that they are all contained in TC^(0). To do this, we show that a TC^(0) circuit can keep track of the amplitudes of the state resulting from the application of a QACC operator using a constant width polynomial size tensor sum. In order to accomplish this, we also show that TC^(0) can perform iterated addition and multiplication in certain field extensions.