Comparison of K-ary N-cube and de Bruijn Overlays in QoS-Constrained Multicast Applications
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Research on the construction of logical overlay networks has gained significance in recent times. This is partly due to work on peer-to-peer (P2P) systems for locating and retrieving distributed data objects, and also scalable content distribution using end-system multicast techniques. However, there are emerging applications that require the real-time transport of data from various sources to potentially many thousands of subscribers, each having their own quality-of-service (QoS) constraints. This paper primarily focuses on the properties of two popular topologies found in interconnection networks, namely k-ary n-cubes and de Bruijn graphs. The regular structure of these graph topologies makes them easier to analyze and determine possible routes for real-time data than complete or irregular graphs. We show how these overlay topologies compare in their ability to deliver data according to the QoS constraints of many subscribers, each receiving data from specific publishing hosts. Comparisons are drawn on the ability of each topology to route data in the presence of dynamic system effects, due to end-hosts joining and departing the system. Finally, experimental results show the service guarantees and physical link stress resulting from efficient multicast trees constructed over both kinds of overlay networks.