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dc.contributor.authorCox, Kelsey Ann
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-16T16:41:34Z
dc.date.available2016-11-16T16:41:34Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/19172
dc.description.abstractCosmetic treatment with botulinum toxin type A injections is the top non-surgical cosmetic procedure in the U.S. Many patients are beginning treatment at a younger age to prevent the development of facial wrinkles associated with aging. However, there is limited data to support the use of prophylactic botulinum toxin injections. Patients beginning treatment at a younger age have fewer wrinkles requiring fewer units to treat, which reduces the overall cost of treatment. Patients also maintain higher levels of self- esteem by preventing or delaying the onset of facial wrinkles that can negatively impact their appearance. This study proposes that patients receiving botulinum toxin injections at a younger age (< 35) will have higher satisfaction with treatment outcomes. By demonstrating an association between starting age of injections and patient satisfaction, this study aims to provide merit for clinical trials studying the effectiveness of prophylactic botulinum toxin injections for cosmetic indications.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectAgingen_US
dc.subjectAestheticen_US
dc.subjectAnti-agingen_US
dc.subjectBotoxen_US
dc.subjectWrinklesen_US
dc.subjectBotulinum toxinen_US
dc.subjectCosmetic treatmenten_US
dc.titleThe association between age and long term cosmetic effect of treatment with botulinum toxinen_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertation
dc.date.updated2016-11-03T19:13:21Z
etd.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
etd.degree.levelmastersen_US
etd.degree.disciplinePhysician Assistant Programen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US


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