3D differential phase contrast microscopy
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CitationMichael Chen, Lei Tian, and Laura Waller, "3D differential phase contrast microscopy," Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 3940-3950 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1364/BOE.7.003940
We demonstrate 3D phase and absorption recovery from partially coherent intensity images captured with a programmable LED array source. Images are captured through-focus with four different illumination patterns. Using first Born and weak object approximations (WOA), a linear 3D differential phase contrast (DPC) model is derived. The partially coherent transfer functions relate the sample's complex refractive index distribution to intensity measurements at varying defocus. Volumetric reconstruction is achieved by a global FFT-based method, without an intermediate 2D phase retrieval step. Because the illumination is spatially partially coherent, the transverse resolution of the reconstructed field achieves twice the NA of coherent systems and improved axial resolution.