Neural Control of Interlimb Oscillations I. Human
Cohen, Michael A.
MetadataShow full item record
How do humans and other animals accomplish coordinated movements? How are novel combinations of limb joints rapidly assembled into new behavioral units that rnove together in in-phase or anti-phase movement patterns during complex movement tasks? A neural central pattern generator (CPG) model simulates data from human bimanual coordination tasks. As in the data, anti-phase oscillations at low frequencies switch to in-phase oscillations at high frequencies, in-phase oscillation occur both at low and high frequencies, phase fluctuations occur at the anti-phase in-phase transition, a "seagull effect" of larger errors occurs at intermediate phases, and oscillations slip toward in-phase and anti-phase when driven at intermediate phases. These oscillations and bifurcations are emergent properties of the CPG model in response to volitional inputs. The CPC model is a version of the Ellias-Grossberg oscillator. Its neurons obey Hodgkin-Huxley type equations whose excitatory signals operate on a faster time scale than their inhibitory signals in a recurrent on-center off-surround anatomy. When an equal cornmand or GO signal activates both model channels the model CPC: can generate both in-phase and anti-phase oscillations at different GO amplitudes. Phase transitions frorn either in-phase to anti-phase oscillations, or from anti-phase to in- phase oscillations, can occur in different pararncter ranges, as the GO signal increases.