Shortest path and maximum flow problems in planar flow networks with additive gains and losses
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CitationMirzaei, Saber; Kfoury, Assaf. Shortest path and maximum flow problems in planar flow networks with additive gains and losses. Technical Report BU-CS-TR 2016-003, Computer Science Department, Boston University, March 29, 2016.
In contrast to traditional flow networks, in additive flow networks, to every edge e is assigned a gain factor g(e) which represents the loss or gain of the flow while using edge e. Hence, if a flow f(e) enters the edge e and f(e) is less than the designated capacity of e, then f(e) + g(e) = 0 units of flow reach the end point of e, provided e is used, i.e., provided f(e) != 0. In this report we study the maximum flow problem in additive flow networks, which we prove to be NP-hard even when the underlying graphs of additive flow networks are planar. We also investigate the shortest path problem, when to every edge e is assigned a cost value for every unit flow entering edge e, which we show to be NP-hard in the strong sense even when the additive flow networks are planar.