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dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Eriken_US
dc.contributor.authorTroiano, Chelseaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSpiegel, Jeffreyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-16T15:18:40Z
dc.date.available2017-05-16T15:18:40Z
dc.date.issued2016-06-01
dc.identifier.citationRoberts EA, Troiano C, Spiegel JH. Standardization of Guidelines for Patient Photograph Deidentification. Annals of plastic surgery. 2016 Jun 1;76(6):611-4.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/22096
dc.description.abstractIMPORTANCE: This work was performed to advance patient care by protecting patient anonymity. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the current practices used in patient facial photograph deidentification and set forth standardized guidelines for improving patient autonomy that are congruent with medical ethics and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. DESIGN: The anonymization guidelines of 13 respected journals were reviewed for adequacy in accordance to facial recognition literature. Simple statistics were used to compare the usage of the most common concealment techniques in 8 medical journals which may publish the most facial photographs. SETTING: Not applicable. PARTICIPANTS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Facial photo deidentification guidelines of 13 journals were ascertained. Number and percentage of patient photographs lacking adequate anonymization in 8 journals were determined. RESULTS: Facial image anonymization guidelines varied across journals. When anonymization was attempted, 87% of the images were inadequately concealed. The most common technique used was masking the eyes alone with a black box. CONCLUSIONS: Most journals evaluated lack specific instructions for properly de-identifying facial photographs. The guidelines introduced here stress that both eyebrows and eyes must be concealed to ensure patient privacy. Examples of proper and inadequate photo anonymization techniques are provided. RELEVANCE: Improving patient care by ensuring greater patient anonymity.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherAnnals of Plastic Surgeryen_US
dc.subjectFacial photographsen_US
dc.subjectFacial recognitionen_US
dc.subjectPhotographsen_US
dc.subjectHIPAAen_US
dc.subjectMedical literatureen_US
dc.titleStandardization of guidelines for patient photograph deidentificationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/SAP.0000000000000817


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