Carpenter, Gail A.
Milenova, Boriana L.
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Distributed coding at the hidden layer of a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) endows the network with memory compression and noise tolerance capabilities. However, an MLP typically requires slow off-line learning to avoid catastrophic forgetting in an open input environment. An adaptive resonance theory (ART) model is designed to guarantee stable memories even with fast on-line learning. However, ART stability typically requires winner-take-all coding, which may cause category proliferation in a noisy input environment. Distributed ARTMAP (dARTMAP) seeks to combine the computational advantages of MLP and ART systems in a real-time neural network for supervised learning. This system incorporates elements of the unsupervised dART model as well as new features, including a content-addressable memory (CAM) rule. Simulations show that dARTMAP retains fuzzy ARTMAP accuracy while significantly improving memory compression. The model's computational learning rules correspond to paradoxical cortical data.
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