Intellect and intuition in the philosophy of Henri Bergson
Schlagel, Richard H.
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1. Thare is a vitalistic reality which is external and yet immediately given in intuition. 2. This reality exists in its initial purity as a free, creative, energizing, implusive force, that Bergson calls supraconsciousness. 3. The expansion or creative explosiveness of this original impetus tends, as its psychic force is extended beyond its origin, to condense into matter and detend toward pure homogeneous space. 4. The evolution of life is one manifestation of this psychic energy in its creative struggle against matter. 5. A theory of knowledge must be formulated in relation to the creative evolving of consciousness, and also the metaphysical antithesis representing inversions of the psychical tensions of the supra-consciousness. 6. The intellect is thereby found to be one tendency of the supra-consciousness, a relaxation toward apatial representation, whose forms have been molded by the necessity of acting on inert extended matter. 7. The analytic and deductive functions of the intellect rest on its spatial form, and prevent a conceptual apprehension of the mobility, creativity, and essential freedom of reality. 8. Another tendency developed from the supra-consciousness is intuition, and by the use of intuition one can see how such metaphysical opposites as space and duration, matter and life, necessity and freedom, intelligence and intuition spring from reality as inversions of the supra-consciousness. 9. However, Bergson's initial assumption that a mathematical account of mobility is inherently incorrect, and thereby manifests a natural inability of the intellect, has been proven false. 10. Bergson's narrow restriction of the function of the intellect must be reinterpreted in terms of actual intellectual processes themselves.
Thesis (M.A.)--Boston University
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