Unsheltered homelessness among veterans: correlates and profiles
Byrne, Thomas H.
Montgomery, Ann Elizabeth
Fargo, Jamison D.
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Citation (published version)Thomas Byrne, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Jamison D Fargo. 2016. "Unsheltered Homelessness Among Veterans: Correlates and Profiles." Community Mental Health Journal, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp. 148 - 157.
We identified correlates of unsheltered status among Veterans experiencing homelessness and describe d distinct subgroups within the unsheltered homeless Veteran population using data from a screening instrument for homelessness that is administered to all Veterans accessing outpatient care at a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facility . Correlates o f unsheltered homelessness included male gender, white race, older age, lower levels of VHA eligibility, substance use disorders, frequent use of VHA inpatient and infrequent use of VHA outpatient services, and residing in the West. We identified six disti nct subgroups of unsheltered Veterans; the tri - morbid frequent users represented the highest need group, but the largest group was comprised of Veterans who made highly infrequent use of VHA healthcare services. Differences between sheltered and unshelter ed Veterans and heterogeneity within the unsheltered Veteran population should be considered in targeting housing and other interventions.