ROI-Based Analysis of Functional Imaging Data
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In this technical report, we present fMRI analysis techniques that test functional hypotheses at the region of interest (ROI) level. An SPM-compatible Matlab toolbox has been developed which allows the creation of subject-specific ROI masks based on anatomical markers and the testing of functional hypotheses on the regional response using multivariate time-series analysis techniques. The combined application of subject-specific ROI definition and region-level functional analysis is shown to appropriately compensate for inter-subject anatomical variability, offering finer localization and increased sensitivity to task-related effects than standard techniques based on whole brain normalization and voxel or cluster-level functional analysis, while providing a more direct link between discrete brain region hypotheses and the statistical analyses used to test them.