Survival and growth of early-juvenile American lobsters Homarus americanus through their 1st season while fed diets of mesoplankton, microplankton, and frozen brine shrimp
Lavalli K. L.
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CitationK. L. Lavalli. 1991. "Survival and growth of early-juvenile American lobsters Homarus americanus through their 1st season while fed diets of mesoplankton, micro plankton, and frozen brine shrimp." Fishery Bulletin, v. 89, Issue 1, pp. 61-68.
American lobsters Homarus america.nus were fed diets of mesoplankton in filtered seawater, meso/ microplankton combination in filtered seawater, and frozen brine shrimp in both filtered and unfiltered seawater to determine if mesoplankton diets could sustain survival and growth throughout most of the first year of molts and if smaller zooplankters and phytoplankton in the mesol microplankton diet could be utilized as food and could sustain survival in periods of low food supply. At the beginning of the experiment, there were no significant differences in either carapace length or weight between the groups of sibling lobsters. Lobsters fed mesoplankton had high survival (80%) and significant increases in both carapace length and weight, although they weighed less at Stage IX than those fed frozen brine shrimp in unfiltered seawater. Lobsters fed frozen brine shrimp in filtered seawater had low survival (15%), but did not differ significantly at Stage IX from those fed mesoplankton in terms of both carapace length and weight. Lobsters fed brine shrimp in unfiltered seawater had high survival rates (95%) and weighed nearly twice as much at Stage IX than both the brine shrimp-fed lobsters in filtered seawater and the mesoplankton-fed lobsters; however, none of these three surviving groups differed significantly in carapace length at Stage IX. Intermolt periods for the three surviving groups were not significantly different until the molt between Stage VIII and IX when the mesoplankton-fed lobsters took nearly twice as long to molt as either of the brine shrimp-fed groups. Lobsters fed mesolmicroplankton did not molt out of Stage V and died within 36 days of the 107-day experiment. These results indicate that mesoplankton diets promote growth and survival of lobsters throughout most of their first season of molting and that larger planktonic organisms may contain essential nutritional requirements not met by brine shrimp alone. However, the meso/microplankton diet, consisting mostly of diatoms, does not provide sufficient nutrition for survival dwing periods of starvation.
RightsBased on investigation of the BU Libraries' staff, this work is free of known copyright restrictions.
Based on investigation of the BU Libraries' staff, this work is free of known copyright restrictions