Magnetic inflation and stellar mass. I. Revised parameters for the component stars of the Kepler low-mass eclipsing binary T-Cyg1-12664
Muirhead, Philip S.
Swift, Jonathan J.
Law, Nicholas M.
Mace, Gregory N.
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CitationEunkyu Han, Philip S. Muirhead, Jonathan J. Swift, Christoph Baranec, Nicholas M. Law, Reed Riddle, Dani Atkinson, Gregory N. Mace, Daniel DeFelippis. 2017. "Magnetic inflation and stellar mass. I. Revised parameters for the component stars of the Kepler low-mass eclipsing binary T-Cyg1-12664." Astronomical Journal, v. 154, Issue 3, pp. 1-14.
Several low-mass eclipsing binary stars show larger than expected radii for their measured mass, metallicity, and age. One proposed mechanism for this radius inflation involves inhibited internal convection and starspots caused by strong magnetic fields. One particular eclipsing binary, T-Cyg1-12664, has proven confounding to this scenario. Çakırlı et al. measured a radius for the secondary component that is twice as large as model predictions for stars with the same mass and age, but a primary mass that is consistent with predictions. Iglesias-Marzoa et al. independently measured the radii and masses of the component stars and found that the radius of the secondary is not in fact inflated with respect to models, but that the primary is, which is consistent with the inhibited convection scenario. However, in their mass determinations, Iglesias-Marzoa et al. lacked independent radial velocity measurements for the secondary component due to the star’s faintness at optical wavelengths. The secondary component is especially interesting, as its purported mass is near the transition from partially convective to a fully convective interior. In this article, we independently determined the masses and radii of the component stars of T-Cyg1-12664 using archival Kepler data and radial velocity measurements of both component stars obtained with IGRINS on the Discovery Channel Telescope and NIRSPEC and HIRES on the Keck Telescopes. We show that neither of the component stars is inflated with respect to models. Our results are broadly consistent with modern stellar evolutionary models for main-sequence M dwarf stars and do not require inhibited convection by magnetic fields to account for the stellar radii.