Characterizing the cool KOIs. VIII. Parameters of the planets orbiting Kepler's coolest dwarfs
Johnson, John Asher
Swift, Jonathan J.
Muirhead, Philip S.
Montet, Benjamin T.
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CitationJonathan J. Swift, Benjamin T. Montet, Andrew Vanderburg, Timothy Morton, Philip S. Muirhead, John Asher Johnson. 2015. "Characterizing the cool KOIs. VIII. Parameters of the planets orbiting Kepler's coolest dwarfs." Astrophysical Journal Supplement series, v. 218, Issue 2, pp. 1-20.
The coolest dwarf stars targeted by the Kepler Mission constitute a relatively small but scientifically valuable subset of the Kepler target stars, and provide a high-fidelity, nearby sample of transiting planetary systems. Using archival Kepler data spanning the entire primary mission, we perform a uniform analysis to extract, confirm, and characterize the transit signals discovered by the Kepler pipeline toward M-type dwarf stars. We recover all but two of the signals reported in a recent listing from the Exoplanet Archive resulting in 163 planet candidates associated with a sample of 104 low-mass stars. We fitted the observed light curves to transit models using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo method and we have made the posterior samples publicly available to facilitate further studies. We fitted empirical transit times to individual transit signals with significantly non-linear ephemerides for accurate recovery of transit parameters and precise measuring of transit timing variations. We also provide the physical parameters for the stellar sample, including new measurements of stellar rotation, allowing the conversion of transit parameters into planet radii and orbital parameters.