Effect of surface treatment and fatigue on retention strength of titanium abutment to zirconia
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The objective of this study was to compare effect of surface treatment and fatigue to the retention of zirconia crowns luted to two different heights of titanium abutments. Thirty titanium base 3.5 mm (n = 15) and 5.5 mm in height (n = 15) and thirty zirconia crowns were used. Group A (n = 10), 3.5-mm-height titanium base with no surface treatment; Group B (n = 5), 3.5-mm-height titanium base with surface treatment; Group C (n = 5), 3.5-mm-height titanium base with no surface treatment with fatigue test; Group D (n = 5), 3.5-mm-height titanium base with surface treatment and fatigue test. The identical group allocation was utilized to 5.5-mm-height titanium base groups, Group E, F, G and H respectively. All zirconia crowns and titanium abutments of the groups with surface treatment were particle abraded with 50 μm alumina. All specimens were subjected to a pull-out test. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test. Pull-out retention forces for each group were: Group A: 288 ± 97.5 N, Group B: 198.71 ± 82.94 N, Group C: 537.61 ± 80.13 N, Group D: 600.11 ± 27.23 N, Group E: 240.68 ± 54.33 N, Group F: 270.92 ± 16.43 N, Group G: 707.03 ± 32.30 N, and Group H: 831.19 ± 55.50 N. Particle abrasion of the titanium base significantly increased zirconia crown retention. The height of the titanium base had a significant influence on retention force in particle-abraded groups. The fatigue test did not decrease retention force.