Translation inhibition by rocaglates is independent of eIF4E phosphorylation status
Porco, John A.
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CitationJennifer Chu, Regina Cencic, Wenyu Wang, John A Porco, Jerry Pelletier. 2016. "Translation Inhibition by Rocaglates Is Independent of eIF4E Phosphorylation Status.." Mol Cancer Ther, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp. 136 - 141.
Rocaglates are natural products that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotes and exhibit antineoplastic activity. In vitro biochemical assays, affinity chromatography experiments coupled with mass spectrometry analysis, and in vivo genetic screens have identified eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4A as a direct molecular target of rocaglates. eIF4A is the RNA helicase subunit of eIF4F, a complex that mediates cap-dependent ribosome recruitment to mRNA templates. The eIF4F complex has been implicated in tumor initiation and maintenance through elevated levels or increased phosphorylation status of its cap-binding subunit, eIF4E, thus furthering the interest toward developing rocaglates as antineoplastic agents. Recent experiments have indicated that rocaglates also interact with prohibitins 1 and 2, proteins implicated in c-Raf-MEK-ERK signaling. Because increased ERK signaling stimulates eIF4E phosphorylation status, rocaglates are also expected to inhibit eIF4E phosphorylation status, a point that has not been thoroughly investigated. It is currently unknown whether the effects on translation observed with rocaglates are solely through eIF4A inhibition or also a feature of blocking eIF4E phosphorylation. Here, we show that rocaglates inhibit translation through an eIF4E phosphorylation-independent mechanism.